Not all leaders use the same methods. Some use carrots and incentives, which can work effectively.
Some leaders use a dictatorship style; methods that are in your face and consequence driven. This can be effective as well but does not cultivate loyalty.
Inspiration is the true motivator. To inspire is to motivate, strengthen, and share a vision. Inspiration starts with the “Why” and not with the “What” or the “How”. (See Start with Why by Simon Sinek)
When you lead with why and follow closely with what and how you get buy-in. This buy-in has the potential to be deep, profound, and long-lasting.
How can you inspire and lift those around you? Why do you do what you do? Inspire those around you with that vision and then take action towards that ideal.